Everyone who enjoys working with the land and growing plants probably loves and experimenting with planting seeds of various fruits at home, including overseas ones. But planting an avocado simply by burying a bone in the ground will not work - it is necessary to create special conditions so that after a certain time the “overseas” tree will turn green on your windowsill.
To begin with, I would like to note that the avocado is grown at home only as an ornamental plant. It decorates the interior of the room, creates a special atmosphere, releases a lot of oxygen, but nothing more. Even with the most careful care according to all the rules, this tropical tree at home very rarely blooms, and fruiting happens even less often, so you should not wait for the harvest.
Even with the most careful care according to all the rules, this tropical tree at home very rarely blooms
So, if you nevertheless decide to plant an alligator pear (the second name for avocado), then in order to achieve at least some results, you must first of all get planting material. Not every fruit is suitable for this. It is necessary to choose the largest and ripe (or better - overripe) fruits, the peel of which was not damaged during transportation. If there are only hard avocados on the counter, then for planting the fruit must be left at room temperature at home for several days, which will allow it to ripen. The bone must be removed with extreme care. The remnants of the pulp must be washed off under a stream of warm running water, after which it is worth letting the bone dry (but in no case postpone planting for a month or a week. It is optimal to do seed on the same day). When the planting material is ready, you can safely proceed to the second stage.
It is useless to simply plant an avocado seed in a pot of earth, you must first prepare it. To do this, the seed is soaked in sufficiently hot water (but not boiling water) for half an hour. Next, the shell is removed from the heated bone, the tip is cut off from the narrow side, and the cut is treated with an antifungal drug, which must be purchased in advance in a specialized store. After that, the wide end of the bone is placed by a third in the prepared soil mixture. (we will talk about how to properly prepare the soil a little later). Further, the future plant grown at home is left alone - until the moment of germination, only watering is needed once a week.
While waiting for a sprout, it is very important to monitor the quality and amount of water in the glass.
There is another way to grow seed avocados at home, which is considered more reliable. It is necessary to take three or four toothpicks, and along the perimeter at the middle level, make punctures and insert prepared toothpicks into them, sticking them to a depth of 2-5 mm. The entire structure must be placed in a glass with pre-settled water at room temperature, so that the blunt end of the bone is in the water, and the punctures remain dry. Many agronomists advise, in this case, to take not just settled water, but add a little charcoal to the bottom of the glass. If there is none at home, replace it with a simple activated one.
While waiting for a sprout, it is very important to monitor the quality and quantity of water in the glass. Fine dust, debris and microorganisms slow down the "pecking" process. Therefore, every 2-3 days, the bone must be removed and the water in the glass must be quickly replaced with a new one. The process of seed germination at home is quite long, so do not be alarmed if you do not see any results even after a month. As a rule, sprouts and roots can be seen after about 5-8 weeks (it all depends on the planting season). Once the shoots have reached 4 cm, the seed is ready to be planted in the ground.
Avocados do not like too heavy, acidic and clayey soils, so simple soil from a garden plot will not work. The soil mixture will have to be prepared as follows: It is necessary to take in equal proportions garden soil, peat, coarse sand, humus and a pinch of lime. Mix all components thoroughly. That's it, the soil mixture is ready. The same soil must be used in the case of planting the bones directly into the ground.
Avocado dislikes heavy, acidic and clayey soils
Since the soil from the garden can be filled with harmful microbes, it is better to try to disinfect the prepared mixture by spilling it with boiling water the day before planting a seed or sprouted seed.
For planting, it is better to take a simple plastic pot, no more than 15 cm high. It is better not to use a clay container in this case, since the walls of such a pot can allow moisture to pass through, which is vital for an avocado. The bottom of the selected pot should be water-permeable, it should also be equipped with a drainage system, which can be done using special granules or the usual expanded clay.
A seed with a sprout does not need to be completely buried in the ground. It is only necessary to dig it in by a third. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the root system.
Video about how to plant an avocado correctly
But it is not enough to properly plant an avocado - it is necessary to provide the plant with proper care.
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A tropical plant like mango has very tasty and juicy fruits, which contain a large amount of nutrients and vitamins. But is mango suitable for indoor cultivation, and how to properly care for it?
This evergreen tree is recommended to be grown from sprouts, which are quite possible to buy in a special nursery. The planted sprout takes root relatively well and does not require close attention during growth. And a wild plant will definitely not grow from it. But you can also grow a mango from an ordinary stone, which should be taken from a ripe fruit. It is quite possible to germinate it, you just need to adhere to certain rules.
To prevent the plant from replanting, we recommend that you purchase a larger pot. As for the land, it will be better if you purchase from an agricultural store soil for citrus... Avocado is a delicate plant, it may not take root in ordinary forest soil, but this is not the only point. The forest land is inhabited by parasites that harm the root system, and wild plants are resistant to them, which cannot be said about exotic ones that need special conditions. And now about fertilizers.
The store soil contains fertilizers, thanks to which the avocado sprout will feel just fine at first, but after a while (1-1.5 years, depending on the manufacturer), the plant will pull out their remains. Transplanting to another land is stressful for any plant, so the soil will need to be fertilized periodically. How often to do this and what fertilizer to buy, you will be advised in any flower shop. All fertilizers are different, so there can be no general recommendations.
As soon as you find that the size of your sprout stem has reached 15 cm, it must be cut to 4 cm.Do not be afraid, since such actions will begin to stimulate new growth. As soon as the sprout grows back (this will happen quickly), it is time to transplant it into fertile soil.
The soil for the avocado should be loose and light so that the young roots of the plant can take root. The seedling must be lowered into the soil halfway, where the upper part will look out of the ground. Avocados are very fond of light and warmth, so the pot with the plant must be placed in the most illuminated place.
After the shoots grow 5 cm, it is recommended to pinch them, thereby stimulating the growth of lateral shoots and forming a lateral crown.
As for leaving, it is not difficult and consists of the following stages:
So, planting an avocado at home from a stone with your own hands is not at all difficult. The main thing is to be patient and put in very little effort.
It is dangerous to plant a pit from spoiled fruits - dark spots can also indicate a disease, the pathogen of which remains on the seed
You can do this interesting business at any time of the year. But the best time is the beginning of spring, when there is more sun and the day is already quite long.
To grow a real avocado tree from a seed, it is important to choose good planting material. If you want to further give the stem the shape of a pigtail, germinate at least 2-3 seeds.
The germination capacity of alligator pear seeds is close to one hundred percent. But stronger and more beautiful plants are obtained from large kernels, which are extracted from ripe fruits.
When choosing a fruit in a store, pay attention to the following points:
Did you know? To quickly soften an unripe avocado, place it in a paper bag with an apple or banana for 1-2 days.
Two methods are used to root the avocado kernel: open - in water and closed - in the ground.
The first method gives a faster result, but requires a little more labor.
The second method is easier to implement. But the bone wakes up much more slowly.
Step-by-step instructions on how to germinate an avocado seed in water:
Advice. Instead of water for germination, you can use a hydrogel - it holds its shape well and does not require frequent replacement.
A thick white root usually appears 2-8 weeks after germination begins. It all depends on the type of avocado and the season. In the spring, the germination process is much faster.
Don't feel like messing with the props? There is also a simplified version of avocado germination.
To do this, you need a container, which at the bottom is slightly wider than the diameter of the seed. A little water is poured at the bottom and the seed is immersed in it with the blunt end down. Remember to renew and refill water regularly.
Planting an avocado in a pot is carried out while forming roots with a length of 30 to 40 millimeters. Remember to remove the spacers first.
To plant the avocado in the ground without first germinating, follow steps one through five of the instructions above.
Next, proceed in this order:
Usually, the seed hatches 30-90 days after it is placed in the ground.
This plant does not like excessive watering, but it is important for it that the room maintains a humid climate in the room. Avocado is very fond of light, so he always needs to be in a well-lit place, where there will be no constant shadow and at the same time the humidity in the room will remain.
In the fall, a pet can shed leaves, to avoid this, you can buy a special lamp with fluorescent backlight for him, or with another, but it is better to check this in the store.
Don't forget to spray the leaves with water! You can clean them with a damp cloth. Avocados don't like dry air.
At first, it seems to many that nothing happens after landing. But do not rush to dig up the seed: it can germinate up to 1-2 months. We must be patient. In the future, the tree will develop very quickly, and after 2-2.5 weeks after germination, its height will reach about 20-25 centimeters. Of course, if you take care of it properly:
The most common problem when caring for an avocado is that the leaves dry out. This is due to a lack of watering or space for growth. It is easy to understand what exactly is the matter.
In this case, it can be transplanted at any time of the year. Mandatory - by transshipment method. This will prevent root damage, in which the avocado can react negatively by shedding the leaves.
There is another reason for this behavior. Avocado sheds its leaves when it stands on a windowsill or in a draft, and the temperature in the room drops below 12 degrees. The plant goes into hibernation. But as soon as the conditions are comfortable for the room, the avocado will continue to gain mass and return to life.
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